Research Papers
RESEARCH PAPERS
 J44
 PopulationBased Learning: A New Method for Learning from
Examples under Resource Constraints,
(abstract,
full text in PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 4, no. 5,
Oct. 1992, pp. 454474.
 J42
 GeneticsBased Learning of New Heuristics: Rational Scheduling of
Experiments and Generalization,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah, A. Ieumwananonthachai, L. C. Chu, and A. Aizawa,
IEEE Trans. on Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 7, no. 5,
Oct. 1995, pp. 763785
 BC21
 TEACHER: A GeneticsBased System for Learning and for Generalizing Heuristics,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
A. Ieumwananonthachai and B. W. Wah,
Evolutionary Computation, Xin Yao (ed.), World Scientific Publishing
Co. Pte. Ltd. pp. 124170, 1999;
Also in Soft Computing in Case Based Reasoning,
S. K. Pal, D. Dillon and D. Yeung (ed.), SpringerVerlag, London, pp. 179211, 2000.
 TP11
 Automated Design of KnowledgeLean Heuristics: Learning, Resource Scheduling,
and Generalization,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
A. Ieumwananonthachai,
Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering,
University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, May 1996.
 R14
 TEACHER  An Automated System for Learning KnowledgeLean Heuristics,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
A. Ieumwananonthachai and B. W. Wah,
Tech. Rep. CRHC 9508, Center for Reliable and High Performance Computing,
University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801.
 K09
 Learning and Generalization of Heuristics in System Integration,
B. W. Wah,
Keynote Address, Computers in Engineering Symposium, Energy & Environmental Expo 95, ASME,
Houston, TX, Jan. 30, 1995.
 K08
 Learning and Generalization in Genetic Programming,
B. W. Wah,
Plenary Address, Joint Conference on Information Sciences,
Pinehurst, NC, November 16, 1994.
 K05
 Automated Learning of Heuristics,
B. W. Wah,
Distinguished Lecture Series, Univ. of Illinois, Chicago, IL, Nov. 25, 1991.
 J65
 Generalization and Generalizability Measures,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah,
IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering,
vol. 11, no. 1, Jan.Feb. 1999. pp. 175186.
 BC22
 Generalization,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah,
Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering,
J. G. Webster (ed.), John Wiley and Sons, 1998, pp. 684692.
(This is a shorter version of paper J65 above.)
 C103
 Statistical Generalization: Theory and Applications,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah, A. Ieumwananonthachai, S. Yao, and T. Yu,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Computer Design, (Plenary Address,
Architecture Track) IEEE, Oct. 1995, pp. 410.
 BC18
 GeneticsBased Learning and Statistical Generalization,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah, A. Ieumwananonthachai and T. Yu,
KnowledgeBased Systems: Advanced Concepts, Techniques and Applications,
S. Tzafestas (ed.), World Scientific Pub. Co., 1997, pp. 319347.
 J58
 Statistical Generalization Of PerformanceRelated Heuristics for
KnowledgeLean Applications,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
A. Ieumwananonthachai and B. W. Wah,
Int'l Journal of Tools with Artificial Intelligence,
World Scientific, vol. 5, nos. 1 & 2, June 1996, pp. 6179.
(An earlier version appears as Paper C102.)
 C102
 Statistical Generalization Of PerformanceRelated Heuristics for
KnowledgeLean Applications,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
A. Ieumwananonthachai and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Tools with Artificial Intelligence, IEEE, Nov. 1995,
pp. 174181. (This is a preliminary version of Paper J58.)
 BC20
 Statistical Generalization Of PerformanceRelated Heuristics for
KnowledgeLean Applications,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
A. Ieumwananonthachai and B. W. Wah,
Evolutionary Algorithms in Engineering Applications,
D. Dasgupta and Z. Michalewicz (ed.), Springer Verlag, 1997, pp. 293313.
(This is a republication of Paper J58.)
 K14
 Performance Evaluation Issues in Generalization,
B. W. Wah,
Keynote Address, 4th ACM Int'l Conf. on Information and Knowledge Management,
Baltimore, MD, Nov. 29  Dec. 2, 1995.
 K12
 Statistical Generalization: Theory and Applications,
B. W. Wah,
Keynote Address, Architecture Track, Int'l Conf. on Computers and Designs (ICCD),
Austin, TX, October, 1995.
 K11
 Statistical Generalization: Theory and Applications,
B. W. Wah,
Keynote Address, 4th Int'l Conf. for Young Computer Scientists,
Beijing, China, July, 1995.
 J49
 Scheduling of Genetic Algorithms in a Noisy Environment,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
A. Aizawa and B. W. Wah,
Evolutionary Computation, MIT Press, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 97122, 1994.
 J47
 A Sequential Sampling Procedure for Genetic Algorithms,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
A. N. Aizawa and B. W. Wah,
Computers and Mathematics with Applications, Pergamon Press, Ltd.,
Tarrytown, NY, vol. 27, no. 9/10, May 1994, pp. 7782.
(Also presented at the 5th Int'l Workshop of the Bellman Continum,
Waikoloa, Hawaii, Jan. 1993,
C084: A sequential Sampling Procedure for Genetic Algorithms,
full text in PDF).
 C088
 Scheduling of Genetic Algorithms in a Noisy Environment,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
A. N. Aizawa and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Genetic Algorithms, Int'l Soc. for
Genetic Algorithms, July 1993, pp. 4855.
 C077
 Parallel Statistical Selection in Multiprocessors,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
A. Ieumwananonthachai and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Parallel Processing, vol. III, pp. 190194,
Pennsylvania State Univ. Press, University Park, PA, Aug. 1992.
(a) Process Mapping
 J41
 Intelligent Process Mapping through Systematic Improvement of Heuristics,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
A. Ieumwananonthachai, A. N. Aizawa, S. R. Schwartz, B. W. Wah, and J. C. Yan,
J. of Parallel and Distributed Computing, Academic Press,
vol. 15, June 1992, pp. 118142.
 C070
 Intelligent Mapping of Communicating Processes in Distributed Computing Systems,
(full text in PDF)
A. Ieumwananonthachai, A. N. Aizawa, S. R. Schwartz, B. W. Wah, and J. C. Yan,
Proc. Supercomputing, pp. 512521, ACM/IEEE, Albuquerque, NM, Nov. 1991.
 C073
 Process Mapping Heuristics under Stochastic Sampling Overheads,
A. Ieumwananonthachai and B. W. Wah,
(full text in PDF)
Proc. Computing in Aerospace 8 Conf., vol. 1, pp. 348357,
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Baltimore, MD, Oct. 1991.
(b) Load Balancing on Network of Workstations
 B02
 Load Balancing: An Automated Learning Approach,
(Preface and Table of Contents in
PostScript and
PDF)
P. Mehra and B. W. Wah,
World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., 1995.
 TP8
 Automated Learning of LoadBalancing Strategies For A Distributed Computer System,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
P. Mehra,
Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois, UrbanaChampaign,
December, 1992.
 J61
 Automated Learning of LoadBalancing Strategies in Multiprogrammed Distributed Systems,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
P. Mehra and B. W. Wah,
Int'l Journal of System Sciences, vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 10771100, November 1997.
 C091
 PopulationBased Learning of Load Balancing Policies for a Distributed Computer System,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
P. Mehra and B. W. Wah,
Proc. of Computing in Aerospace 9 Conference, AIAA, October 1921, 1993,
pp. 11201130.
 C075
 Adaptive LoadBalancing Strategies for Distributed Systems,
(full text in PDF)
P. Mehra and B. W. Wah,
Proc. 2nd Int'l Conf. on Systems Integration, pp. 666675,
IEEE Computer Society, Morristown, NJ, June 1992.
 K06
 Automated Strategy Learning with Applications on Load Balancing,
B. W. Wah,
Distinguished Lecture Series, School of Elect. Engr., Purdue Univ.,
West Lafayette, IN 47907, Jan. 17, 1992.
 C072
 Learning LoadBalancing Strategies using Artificial Neural Networks,
(full text in PDF)
P. Mehra and B. W. Wah,
Intelligent Engineering Systems through Artificial Neural Networks
(Proc. Int'l Conf. on Artificial Neural Networks in Engineering),
ed. C. H. Dagli, et al., pp. 855860, ASME Press, New York, 1991.
 C086
 Automated Learning of Workload Measures for Load Balancing on a Distributed System,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
P. Mehra and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conference on Parallel Processing, CRC Press, Aug. 1993, vol. III,
pp. 263270.
 J53
 Synthetic Workload Generation for Loadbalancing Experiments,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
P. Mehra and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Parallel and Distributed Technology, vol. 3, no. 3, Fall 1995, pp. 419.
 C079
 PhysicalLevel Synthetic Workload Generation for LoadBalancing Experiments,
(full text in PDF)
P. Mehra and B. W. Wah,
Proc. First Symposium on High Performance Distributed Computing,
pp. 208217, IEEE, Syracuse, NY, Sept. 1992.
 C056
 Learning Strategies for Dynamic Decision Problems using Artificial Neural Networks,
(full text in PDF)
P. Mehra and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Region 10 Conf. on Computer and Communication Systems,
pp. 457461, IEEE, Bombay, India, Nov. 1989.
(c) Automated Design of Feedforward Neural Networks
 J57
 Automated Learning for Reducing the Configuration of a FeedForward Neural Network,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
C.C. Teng and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Neural Networks, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 10721085, Sept. 1996.
 C096
 An Automated Design System for finding the Minimal Configuration
of a FeedForward Neural Network,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
C.C. Teng and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Neural Networks, IEEE, pp. 12951300, vol. 3, June 1994.
 C100
 Comparator Neural Network for Dynamic Prediction,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah, P. Mehra, and C. C. Teng,
Proc. 2nd Int'l Symposium on Neural Networks, Tainan, Taiwan, pp. 571580, Dec. 1994.
 K10
 Comparator Neural Network for Dynamic Prediction,
B. W. Wah,
Plenary Address, Int'l Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks, Tainan, Taiwan, Dec. 17. 1994.
 TM7
 Resource Constrained Design of Artificial Neural Networks,
(full text in PDF)
H. Kriplani,
M. Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering,
Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL, May 1990.
 C058
 Resource Constrained Design of Artificial Neural Networks,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and H. Kriplani,
Proc. Int'l Joint Conf. on Neural Networks, vol. III, pp. 269279, IEEE, June 1990.
(d) Range Estimation in Stereo Vision
 TM9
 Resource Constrained Parameter Tuning Applied to Stereo Vision,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
S. R. Schwartz,
M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering,
Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL, Aug. 1991.
 C081
 Automated Parameter Tuning in Stereo Vision Under Time Constraints,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
S. R. Schwartz and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Tools for Artificial Intelligence,
pp. 162169, IEEE, Nov. 1992.
 BC16
 Machine Learning of Computer Vision Algorithms,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
S. R. Schwartz and B. W. Wah,
Handbook of Pattern Recognition and Image Processing,
Vol. 2: Computer Vision, T. Y. Young, ed., Academic Press, pp. 319359, 1994.
(e) BranchandBound Search
 C053
 Learning Heuristic Functions for Numeric Optimization Problems,
(full text in PDF)
M. B. Lowrie and B. W. Wah,
Proc. IEEE Computer Software and Applications Conf., pp. 443450,
Chicago, IL, Oct. 1988.
 J22
 Learning Dominance Relations in Combinatorial Search Problems,
(full text in PDF)
C. F. Yu and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Software Engineering, vol. SE14, no. 8, pp. 11551175, Aug. 1988.
 C038
 Learning Dominance Relations in Combinatorial Search Problems,
(full text in PDF)
C. F. Yu and B. W. Wah,
Proc. IEEE Computer Software and Applications Conf., pp. 147153, IEEE, Oct. 1986.
(f) Circuit Placement, Routing and Testing
 BC19
 Generalization of Heuristics Learned in Genetics Based Learning,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah, A. Ieumwananonthachai, and Y. C. Li,
Genetic Algorithms and Pattern Recognition,
ed: S. K. Pal and P. Wang, CRC Press, 1996, pp. 87126.
 C068
 QualityTime Tradeoffs in Simulated Annealing for VLSI Placement,
(full text in PDF)
S. Raman and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Computer Software and Applications Conf., pp. 430435, IEEE,
Tokyo, Japan, Sept. 1113, 1991.
(g) Image Processing and Computer Vision
 J102
 Fundamental Principles on Learning New Features for Effective Dense Matching,
(abstract, full text in
PDF and
IEEE Xplore)
F. H. Zhang and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Image Processing (TIP), vol. 27, no. 2, Feb. 2018, pp. 822836.
 TM24
 Learning New Features for Effective Dense Matching with Supplementary MetaLevel Deep Neural Networks,
(abstract, full text in
PDF)
F. H. Zhang,
M.Phil. Thesis, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering, Chinese University of Hong Kong, July 2017.
 C178
 Supplementary MetaLearning: Towards a Dynamic Model for Deep Neural Networks,
(abstract, full text in
PDF)
F. H. Zhang and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Computer Vision (ICCV), Oct. 2017, pp. 43544363.
 C179
 DomainInvariant Stereo Matching Networks,
(abstract, full text in PDF,
supplementary material in PDF, and
Springer Link)
F. H. Zhang, X. J. Qi, R. G. Yang, V. Prisacariu, B. W. Wah, and P. Torr,
Proc. European Conf. on Computer Vision (ECCV 2020), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, LNCS Vol 12347,
SpringerVerlag, Aug. 2020, pp. 420439.
 C180
 Deep FusionNet for Point Cloud Semantic Segmentation,
(abstract, full text in PDF,
supplementary material in PDF)
F. H. Zhang, J. Fang, B. W. Wah, and P. Torr,
Proc. European Conf. on Computer Vision (ECCV 2020), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, LNCS Vol 12347,
SpringerVerlag, Aug. 2020.
 J93
 Emerging Internet Technologies for ELearning (Guest Editors' Introduction),
(full text in PDF)
Q. Li, W. H. Lau, E. W. C. Leung, F. Li, V. Lee, B. W. Wah, and H. Ashman,
IEEE Internet Computing, July/August 2009, pp. 1117.
 TM10
 MixedMode Supervised Learning Algorithms for MultiLayer FeedForward Neural Networks
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
C. C. Teng,
M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering,
Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL, Aug. 1993.
 C094
 MixedMode Learning: A Method for Reducing the Number of Hidden Units in
Cascade Correlation,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
C.C. Teng and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks, December 2022, 1993,
National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, ROC, vol. I, pp. 17.
 C090
 Improvement of Supervised Learning by Linear Mapping,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
C.C. Teng and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Joint Conf. on Neural Networks, IEEE,
Oct. 1993, Nagoya, Japan, pp. 16971700.
 K07
 Parallel Processing and Machine Learning,
B. W. Wah,
Keynote Address, IEEE Symposium on Intelligent Systems in Communications and Power,
Mayaguez, Peurto Rico, Feb. 21, 1994.
 C059
 Fault Tolerant Neural Networks with Hybrid Redundancy,
(full text in PDF)
L.C. Chu and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Joint Conf. on Neural Networks, vol. II, pp. 639649, IEEE, June 1990.
 C055
 Principled Constructive Induction,
(full text in PDF)
P. Mehra, L. A. Rendell, and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Joint Conf. on Artificial Intelligence,
pp. 651656, IJCAI, Inc., Detroit, MI, Aug. 1989.
(a) Theory of Extended Saddle Points in Discrete Optimization
 TP14
 The Theory and Applications of Discrete Constrained Optimization using Lagrange Multipliers
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Z. Wu,
Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. of Computer Science, Univ. of Illinois, May 2001.
 K20
 The Theory and Applications of Discrete Lagrange Multiplier Optimization,
(full text in PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah,
Invited Plenary Speech, Fifth Int'l Conf. on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming
Alexandria, VA, Oct. 14, 1999.
 C124
 The Theory of Discrete Lagrange Multipliers for Nonlinear Discrete Optimization,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and Z. Wu,
Proc. Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming, SpringerVerlag
Oct. 1999, pp. 2842.
 TM15
 The Discrete Lagrangian Theory and its Application to Solve
Nonlinear Discrete Constrained Optimization Problems,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Z. Wu,
M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Computer Science,
University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, May 1998.
 TP12
 See Ph.D. Thesis TP12 in the section on
nonlinear continuous unconstrained optimization.
 TM19
 Improving Constrained Nonlinear Search Algorithms Through Constraint Relaxation,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
H. H. Zhang,
M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Computer Science,
University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, Dec. 2001.
(b) Constrained Optimization Algorithms
 K27
 Stochastic Search Algorithms in Constrained Global Optimization
(full text in PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah,
Keynote Speech, 4th Int'l Conf. on Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing,
Hong Kong, Dec. 12, 2000.
 TP13
 Global Optimization of Constrained Nonlinear Programming
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
T. Wang,
Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. of Computer Science, Univ. of Illinois, Dec. 2000.
 C161
 Constrained Global Optimization by Constraint Partitioning and Simulated Annealing
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
B. W. Wah, Y. X. Chen, and A. Wan,
Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. on Tools with Artificial Intelligence,
Nov. 2006, pp. 265272.
 C123
 Simulated Annealing with Asymptotic Convergence for Nonlinear Constrained Global Optimization
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and T. Wang,
Proc. Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming, SpringerVerlag,
Oct. 1999, pp. 461475.
 J78
 Hybrid Evolutionary and Annealing Algorithms for Nonlinear Discrete Constrained Optimization
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. X. Chen
Int'l J. of Computational Intelligence and Applications, Imperial College Press, UK
vol. 3, no. 4, Dec. 2003, pp. 331355.
 TM18
 Optimal Anytime Search for Constrained Nonlinear Programming
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Y. X. Chen,
M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Computer Science, Univ. of Illinois, May 2001.
 C133
 Optimal Anytime Constrained Simulated Annealing for Constrained Global Optimization
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. X. Chen,
Proc. Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming, SpringerVerlag,
Sept. 2000, pp. 425439.
 C136
 Hybrid Constrained Simulated Annealing and Genetic Algorithms for Nonlinar Constrained Optimization
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. X. Chen,
Proc. IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation,
May 2001, pp. 925932.
(Also as BC25, ``Constrained Genetic Algorithms and their Applications in Nonlinar Constrained Optimization,''
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. X. Chen,
Evolutionary Computation, X. Yao and R. Sarker (ed.) Kluwer Academic Publishers,
2001, pp. 253275.)
 C134
 Constrained Genetic Algorithms and their Applications in Nonlinear Constrained Optimization
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. X. Chen,
Proc. 11th IEEE Int'l Conf. on Tools with Artificial Intelligence,
Nov. 2000, pp. 286293.
 J70
 Tuning Strategies of Constrained Simulated Annealing for Nonlinear Global Optimization,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and T. Wang,
Int'l J. of Artificial Intelligence Tools, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.,
vol. 9, no. 1, March 2000, pp. 325.
 C125
 Constrained Simulated Annealing with Applications in Nonlinear Continuous
Constrained Global Optimization,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and T. Wang,
Proc. 11th IEEE Int'l Conf. on Tools with Artificial Intelligence,
Nov. 1999, pp. 381388.
(c) Applications in Discrete Constrained Optimization
(c.1) Applications in SAT and MAXSAT
 J60
 A Discrete LagrangianBased GlobalSearch Method for Solving Satisfiability Problems,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Y. Shang and B. W. Wah,
Journal of Global Optimization, Kluwer Academic Publishers, vol. 12, no. 1,
Jan. 1998, pp. 6199. (This is a major enhancement and extension to paper C105.)
 C105
 A Discrete LagrangianBased GlobalSearch Method for Solving Satisfiability Problems,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. Shang,
Satisfiability Problem: Theory and Applications, Ed: DingZhu Du, Jun Gu,
and Panos Pardalos, DIMACS Series in Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science,
American Mathematical Society, 1997, pp. 365392.
 C111
 Discrete LagrangianBased Search for Solving MAXSAT Problems,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. Shang,
Proc. 15th Int'l Joint Conf. on Artificial Intelligence,
IJCAI, Aug. 1997, pp. 378383.
 J71
 Penalty Formulations and TrapAvoidance Strategies for Solving Hard Satisfiability Problems,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and Z. Wu,
J. of Computer Science and Technology, SpringerVerlag,
Vol. 20, No. 1, Jan. 2005, pp. 317.
 C130
 An Efficient GlobalSearch Strategy in Discrete Lagrangian Methods for Solving
Hard Satisfiability Problems,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
Zhe Wu and Benjamin W. Wah,
Proc. National Conf. on Artificial Intelligence,
AAAI, July 2000, pp. 310315.
 C122
 Trap Escaping Strategies in Discrete Lagrangian Methods for Solving Hard Satisfiability
and Maximum Satisfiability Problems,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Z. Wu and B. W. Wah,
Proc. National Conf. on Artificial Intelligence,
AAAI, July 1999, pp. 673678.
 C126
 Solving Hard Satisfiability Problems: A Unified Algorithm Based On Discrete
Lagrange Multipliers,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Z. Wu and B. W. Wah,
Proc. 11th IEEE Int'l Conf. on Tools with Artificial Intelligence,
Nov. 1999, pp. 210217.
 C119
 Improving the Performance of Discrete LagrangeMultiplier Search for Solving Hard SAT Problems,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Y. Shang and B. W. Wah,
Proc. 10th Int'l Conf. on Tools with Artificial Intelligence,
IEEE, Nov. 1998, pp. 176183.
 C107
 See survey paper C107 in the Research Survey Section
(c.2) Applications in Signal Processing
 J67
 Discrete Lagrangian Methods for Designing Multiplierless TwoChannel PRLP Filter Banks,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and Z. Wu,
Journal of VLSI Signal Processing, Kluwer Academic Press, vol. 21, no. 2, June 1999, pp. 131150.
 J74
 Optimization Design of Biorthogonal Filter Banks for Image Compression,
(abstract, full text in
PDF)
Y. Shang, L.Z. Li, and B. W. Wah,
Information Sciences, Elsevier Science Pub., vol. 132, no. 1, Feb. 2001, pp. 2351.
 J66
 Discrete Lagrangian Methods for Optimizing the Design of Multiplierless QMF Banks,
(This is a major enhancement of Paper C112.)
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
multiplierless coefficients found)
B. W. Wah, Y. Shang, and Z. Wu,
IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems, Part II, vol. 46, no. 9, Sept. 1999, pp. 11791191.
(This is a major enhancement of Paper C112.)
 C112
 Discrete Lagrangian Method for Optimizing the Design of Multiplierless QMF Filter Banks,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah, Y. Shang and Z. Wu
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Application Specific Array Processors,
IEEE, July 1997, pp. 529538.
(c.3) Applications in Temporal Planning
 BC27
 The Evaluation of Partitioned Temporal Planning Problems in Discrete Space and its Application in ASPEN,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. X. Chen,
Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, vol. 112, W. X. Zhang and V. Sorge (ed.), IOS Press,
2004, pp. 109123.
 C145
 Automated Planning and Scheduling using Calculus of Variations in Discrete Space,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
Y. X. Chen and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Automated Planning and Scheduling,
June 2003, pp. 211.
 C144
 Calculus of Variations in Discrete Space for Constrained Nonlinear Dynamic Optimization,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
Y. X. Chen and B. W. Wah,
Proc. 14th IEEE Int'l Conf. on Tools with Artificial Intelligence,
Nov. 2002, pp. 6774.
 C148
 DiscreteSpace Lagrangian Optimization for MultiObjective Temporal Planning,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
B. W. Wah, Y. Chen, and R. Morris,
Fourth Int'l Workshop on Distributed Constraint Reasoning,
Acapulco, Mexico, Aug. 9, 2003, pp. 115121.
(a) Theory of TraceBased Optimization
 K16
 The Ubiquitous Search,
(full text in PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah,
Keynote Speech, 8th IEEE Int'l Conf. on Tools with Artificial Intelligence,
Toulouse, France, Nov. 17, 1996.
 J54
 TraceBased Methods for Solving Nonlinear Global Optimization and Satisfiability Problems,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. J. Chang,
J. of Global Optimization, Kluwer Academic Publishers,
vol. 10, no. 2, March 1997, pp. 107141.
 TP12
 Global Search Methods for Solving Nonlinear Optimization Problems,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Y. Shang,
Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Computer Science,
University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, August 1997.
(b) Tracebased Search Algorithms
 J64
 Efficient and Adaptive LagrangeMultiplier Methods for Nonlinear Continuous Global Optimization,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and T. Wang,
Journal of Global Optimization, Kluwer Academic Press,
vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 125, Jan. 1999.
 C114
 Efficient and Adaptive LagrangeMultiplier Methods for Continuous Nonlinear Optimization,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
T. Wang and B. W. Wah,
Symposium on Applied Computing, ACM Feb. 1998, pp. 361365.
 J69
 Improving the Performance of Weighted LagrangeMultiplier Methods for
Nonlinear Constrained Optimization,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah, T. Wang, Y. Shang, and Z. Wu
Information Sciences Elsevier Science Pub. Co., Inc., New York, NY,
vol. 124, no. 14, May 2000, pp. 241272. (This is a major enhancement and extension to paper C113.)
 C113
 Improving the Performance of Weighted LagrangeMultiplier Methods for
Nonlinear Constrained Optimization,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah, T. Wang, Y. Shang, and Z. Wu
Proc. 9th Int'l Conf. on Tools with Artificial Ingelligence
IEEE, Nov. 1997, pp. 224231.
 J63
 Handling Inequality Constraints in Continuous Nonlinear Global Optimization,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
T. Wang and B. W. Wah,
Journal of Integrated Design and Process Science Society for Design and Process Science,
vol. 2, no. 3, 1998, pp. 110.
 C109
 Handling Inequality Constraints in Continuous Nonlinear Global Optimization,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
T. Wang and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Society for Design and Process Science Conference,
vol. 1, pp. 267274, December 1996. (This is the same paper as J63 above.)
 C101
 Lagrangian Techniques for Solving a Class of ZeroOne Integer Linear Programs,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Y.J. Chang and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conference on Computer Software and Applications,
IEEE, Aug. 1995, pp. 156161.
(c) Applications in TraceBased Continuous Optimization
(c.1) Applications in Signal Processing
 C118
 Constrained Optimization of Filter Banks in Subband Image Coding,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
T. Wang and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing,
IEEE Signal Processing Society, Dec. 1998, pp. 432437.
 C117
 A New GlobalSearch Method for Designing Filter Banks,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Y. Shang and B. W. Wah,
Parallel and Distributed Methods for Image Processing II,
SPIE Int'l Symposium on Optical Science, Engineering and Instrumentation,
July 1998, pp. 94105.
 C115
 Performance Measures and Lagrange Multiplier Methods to TwoBand PR LP Filter Bank Design,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
T. Wang and B. W. Wah,
Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. on Accoustics, Speech and Signal Processing,
vol. III, May 1998, pp. 14611464.
 C110
 QMF Filter Bank Design by a New Global Optimization Method,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah, Y. Shang, T. Wang, and T. Yu,
Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. on Accoustics, Speech and Signal Processing,
vol. 3, pp. 20812084, April 1997.
 TM13
 QMF Filter Bank Design Using Nonlinear Optimization,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
T. Yu,
M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Computer Science, Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, May 1997.
 C108
 Global Optimization Design of QMF Filter Banks,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah, Y. Shang, T. Wang and T. Yu,
Proc. IEEE Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, vol. 2, August 1996, pp. 640643.
(c.2) Applications in (Unconstrained) NeuralNetwork Training
 J55
 Global Optimization for Neural Network Training,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Y. Shang and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Computer, vol. 29, No. 3, March 1996, pp. 4554.
 S02
 NeuralNetwork Training Software: Sun Sparc object code,
(File in tar'ed and gzip'ed format)
Y. Shang and B. W. Wah,
Released: May 27, 1996.
 C104
 A Global Optimization Method for Neural Network Training,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Y. Shang and B. W. Wah,
Proc. 1996 IEEE Int'l Conf. on Neural Networks (Plenary, Panel and Special Sessions)
(This is a shorter version of the paper in IEEE Computer above.) pp. 711, June 1996.
 K15
 Nonlinear Global Optimization for Neural Network Learning and Signal Processing Applications,
(full text in PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah,
Plenary Address, Int'l Conf. on Neural Networks, Washington, DC, June 5, 1996.
 K13
 Artificial Neural Networks,
B. W. Wah,
Plenary State of the Art Speech, 7th IEEE Int'l Conf. on Tools with Artificial Intelligence,
Nov. 5, 1995, Washington, D.C. (This is the same as K15 above.)
(a) Bayesian Methods
 C127
 Data Sampling Using Bayesian Analysis and its Applications in Simulated Annealing,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and M. L. Qian
Proc. of Fifth Int'l Conf. on Computer Science and Informatics,
JCIS, vol. 1, Feb 2000, pp. 643646.
(b) Polynomial Programming
 C098
 Polynomial Programming Using Groebner Bases,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Y.J. Chang and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conference on Computer Software and Applications,
IEEE, Nov. 1994, pp. 236241.
 J105
 Dominance Pruning in Machine Learning for Solving Financial Trading and RealTime Multimedia Applications,
(abstract, full text in
PDF and Science Pub. Group)
B. W. Wah,
American Journal of Artificial Intelligence,
Science Publishing Group, vol. 6, no. 2, 2022, pp. 3647.
TM23
PatternBased Method for Reducing Drawdowns in Stock Index Investment,
(abstract, full text in PDF)
L. L. Liu,
M.Phil. Thesis, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering, Chinese University of Hong Kong, May 2015.
C174
Portfolio Optimization through Data Conditioning and Aggregation,
(abstract, full text in PDF, and
IEEE Xplore)
E. Wah, Y. Mei, and B. W. Wah,
Proc. 23rd IEEE Int'l Conf. on Tools with Artificial Intelligence,
Nov. 2011, pp. 253260.
 J87
 Computing Iceberg Cubes by TopDown and BottomUp Integration: The StarCubing Approach,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
D. Xin, J. W. Han, X Li, Z. Shao, and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Knowledge and Data Engineering,
vol. 19, no. 1, Jan. 2007, pp. 111126.
 J85
 Regression Cubes with Lossless Compression and Aggregation,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Y. X. Chen, G. Dong, J. W. Han, J. Pei, B. W. Wah, and J. Y. Wang,
IEEE Trans. on Knowledge and Data Engineering,
vol. 18, no. 12, Dec. 2006, pp. 15851599.
 J82
 Stream Cube: An Architecture for MultiDimensional Analysis of Data Streams,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
J. W. Han, Y. X. Chen, G. Dong, J. Pei, B. W. Wah, J Wang, and Y. D. Cai,
Distributed and Parallel Databases: Special Issue on Data Warehousing and Data Streams,
SpringerVerlag, Sept. 2005.
 C142
 MultiDimensional Regression Analysis of TimeSeries Data Streams,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
Y. X. Chen, G. Z. Dong. J. W. Han, B. W. Wah, and J. Y. Wang
Proc. Very Large Data Bases,
Morgan Kaufman, Dec. 2002, pp. 323334.
 C143
 OLAPing Stream Data: Is it Feasible?
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PowerPoint)
Y. X. Chen, G. Z. Dong. J. W. Han, B. W. Wah, and J. Y. Wang
Proc. Workshop on Research Issues in Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery,
ACM SIGMOD, 2002, pp. 5358.
 C147
 StarCubing: Computing Iceberg Cubes by TopDown and BottomUp Integration,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
D. Xin J. W. Han X. Li B. W. Wah
Proc. Very Large Data Bases,
Morgan Kaufman, Dec. 2003, pp. 112123.
(a) Theory of Extended Saddle Points in Mixed Optimization
 J79
 Constraint Partitioning in Penalty Formulations for Solving Temporal Planning Problems,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. X. Chen,
Artificial Intelligence, Elsevier,
vol. 170, no. 3, 2006, pp. 187231.
 J89
 Simulated Annealing with Asymptotic Convergence for Nonlinear Constrained Optimization,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and PDF)
B. W. Wah, Y. X. Chen, and T. Wang
J. of Global Optimization, SpringerVerlag, vol. 39, pp. 137, 2007;
Also in "Theory and Applications of Simulated Annealing for Nonlinear Constrained Optimization,"
(abstract, full text in PDF)
Chap. 9, Simulated Annealing C. M. Tan (ed), ITech Education and Publishing, Vienna, Austria,
2008, pp. 155186.
 TP18
 Solving Nonlinear Constrained Optimization Problems through Constraint Partitioning,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and PDF)
Y. X. Chen,
Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Computer Science,
University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, Sept. 2005.
(b) Applications in MixedInteger Constrained Optimization
(b.1) Temporal Planning
 TP20
 Solving Automated Planning Problems with Parallel Decomposition,
(abstract, full text in
PDF, and UIUC Ideals)
C. W. Hsu,
Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Computer Science,
University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, Dec. 2011.
 J83
 Temporal Planning using Subgoal Partitioning and Resolution in SGPlan,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and PDF)
Y. X. Chen, B. W. Wah, and C. W. Hsu,
J. of Artificial Intelligence Research, AAAI Press, vol. 26, Aug. 2006, pp. 323369.
 J80
 Subgoal Partitioning and Global Search for Solving Temporal Planning Problems in Mixed Space,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. X. Chen,
Int'l J. of Artificial Intelligence Tools, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.,
vol. 13, no. 4, Dec. 2004, pp. 767790.
 C162
 Constraint Partitioning for Solving Planning Problems with Trajectory Constraints and Goal Preferences,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF, and
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
C. W. Hsu, B. W. Wah, R. Huang, and Y. X. Chen,
Proc. Int'l Joint Conf. on Artificial Intelligence, Jan. 2007, pp. 19241929.
 C159
 Handling Soft Constraints and Goals Preferences in SGPlan,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF, and
presentation viewgraphs in PowerPoint)
C. W. Hsu and B. W. Wah and R. Huang and Y. X. Chen,
Proc. ICAPS Workshop on Preferences and Soft Constraints in Planning,
June 2006.
 C168
 The SGPlan Planning System in IPC6,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
C.W. Hsu and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Sixth Int'l Planning Competition,
Int'l Conf. on Automated Planning and Scheduling, Sept. 2008.
 C160
 New Features in {SGP}lan for Handling Soft Constraints and Goals Preferences in PDDL3.0,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
C. W. Hsu and B. W. Wah and R. Huang and Y. X. Chen,
Proc. Fifth Int'l Planning Competition,
Int'l Conf. on Automated Planning and Scheduling, June 2006.
 C150
 SGPlan: Subgoal Partitioning and Resolution in Planning,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Y. X. Chen, C.W. Hsu, and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Fourth Int'l Planning Competition,
Int'l Conf. on Automated Planning and Scheduling, Whistler, Canada, June 5, 2004.
 C149
 Partitioning of Temporal Planning Problems in Mixed Space using the Theory of
Extended Saddle Points,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. X. Chen,
Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. on Tools with Artificial Intelligence,
Nov. 2003, pp. 266273.
 C152
 System Demonstration: Subgoal Partitioning and Resolution in SGPlan,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
Y. X. Chen, C. W. Hsu, and B. W. Wah,
System Demonstration Session, Int'l Conf. on Automated Planning and Scheduling, AAAI,
June 2005, pp. 3235.
 J86
 Subgoal Ordering and Granularity Control for Incremental Planning,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and PDF)
C. W. Hsu, Y. X. Chen, and B. W. Wah,
Int'l J. of Artificial Intelligence Tools, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.,
vol. 16, no. 4, Aug. 2007, pp. 707723. (This is a more comprehensive version of C157.)
 C157
 Subgoal Ordering and Granularity Control for Incremental Planning,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
C. W. Hsu, B. W. Wah, and Y. X. Chen,
Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. on Tools with Artificial Intelligence,
Nov. 2005, pp. 507514.
 J84
 Optimization of Bounds in Temporal Flexible Planning with Dynamic Controllability,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and PDF)
B. W. Wah and D. Xin,
Proc. IEEE Int'l J. on Artificial Intelligence Tools, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 1744, Feb. 2007.
(This is a major enhancement and extension to paper C151.)
 C151
 Optimization of Bounds in Temporal Flexible Planning with Dynamic Controllability,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
B. W. Wah and D. Xin,
Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. on Tools with Artificial Intelligence,
Nov. 2004, pp. 4048.
(b.2) MixedInteger Nonlinear Programming
 C154
 Solving LargeScale Noninear Programming Problems by Constraint Partitioning,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. X. Chen,
Eleventh Int'l Conf. on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming,
Oct. 2005, pp. 697711.
 C170
 Finding Good Starting Points For Solving Structured and Unstructured Nonlinear Constrained Optimization Problems,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
S. Lee and B. W. Wah,
Proc. 20th IEEE Int'l Conf. on Tools with Artificial Intelligence,
Nov. 2008, vol. 1, pp. 469476.
 C169
 Finding Good Starting Points For Solving Nonlinear Constrained Optimization Problems By Parallel Decomposition,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
S. Lee and B. W. Wah,
Proc. 7th Mexican Int'l Conf. on Artificial Intelligence,
A. Gelbukh and E.F. Morales (ed.), vol. LNAI 5317, SpringerVerlag Berlin Heidelberg, Oct. 2008, pp. 6576.
 C165
 Hypergraph Partitioning for Exploiting Localities in Nonlinear Constrained Optimization,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
B. W. Wah and S. Lee,
Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. on Tools with Artificial Intelligence,
Oct. 2007, pp. 310.
(b.3) Artificial Neural Network Learning
 TP17
 Neural Network Learning For TimeSeries Predictions Using Constrained Formulations,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
M. L. Qian,
Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. of Computer Science Report No. 2437, Univ. of Illinois, May 2005.
 J73
 ViolationGuided NeuralNetwork Learning for Constrained Formulations in TimeSeries Predictions,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and M. L. Qian,
Int'l Journal on Computational Intelligence and Applications, World Scientific
vol. 1, no. 4, Dec. 2001, pp. 383398.
 C137
 ViolationGuided Learning for Constrained Formulations in NeuralNetwork TimeSeries Predictions,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation in PDF)
B. W. Wah and M. L. Qian
Proc. Int'l Joint Conf. on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI,
Aug. 2001, pp. 771776.
 J88
 Constrained Formulations and Algorithms for Predicting Stock Prices by Recurrent FIR Neural Networks,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and M. L. Qian
Int'l J. of Information Technology and Decision Making, World Scientific Pub. Co.,
vol. 5, no. 4, Dec. 2006, pp. 638658.
 K37
 Intelligent Mining of Time Series Predictions,
(full text in PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah,
Keynote Speech, Int'l Computer Symp.
Taiwan, Dec. 21, 2002.
 C139
 Constrained Formulations and Algorithms for StockPrice Predictions Using Recurrent FIR Neural Networks,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF
presentation in PDF)
B. W. Wah and M. L. Qian
Proc. National Conf. on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI,
Aug. 2002, pp. 211216.
 BC26
 Chapter 17: ConstraintBased Neural Network Learning for Time Series Predictions,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and M. L. Qian
Handbook of Intelligent IT, N. Zhong and J. Liu (ed.), SpringerVerlag, 2004, pp. 401420.
 C132
 TimeSeries Predictions Using Constrained Formulations for NeuralNetwork Training and Cross Validation,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
B. W. Wah and M. L. Qian
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Intelligent Information Processing, IFIP World Computer Congress,
Kluwer Academic Press, Aug. 2000, pp. 220226.
 C128
 Constrained Formulations for Neural Network Training and Their Applications to Solve the TwoSpiral Problem,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and M. L. Qian
Proc. of Fifth Int'l Conf. on Computer Science and Informatics,
JCIS, vol. 1, Feb 2000, pp. 598601.
 TP10
 Algorithms for Combinatorial Optimization in Real Time and their
Automated Refinements by GeneticsBased Learning,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
LonChan Chu
Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering,
University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, August 1994.
 C071
 Optimization in Real Time,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
L.C. Chu and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Real Time Systems Symp., pp. 150159, IEEE, Nov. 1991.
 C083
 Solution of Constrained Optimization Problems in
Limited Time,
(full text in PDF)
L.C. Chu and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Workshop on Imprecise Computation, IEEE, Pheonix, AZ,
Dec. 1992.
 J56
 TCGD: A TimeConstrained Approximate Guided DepthFirst Search Algorithm,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B W. Wah and L.C. Chu,
Int'l Journal on Artificial Intelligence Tools, World Scientific
Publishing Co., Pte., vol. 6, no. 2, 1997, pp. 255271.
(This is an extended version of paper C064 below.)
 C064
 TCGD: A TimeConstrained Approximate Guided DepthFirst Search Algorithm,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and L.C. Chu,
Proc. Int'l Computer Symp., pp. 507516, Tsing Hua Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan, Dec. 1990.
 C062
 TCA*A TimeConstrained Approximate A* Search Algorithm,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and L.C. Chu,
Proc. Int'l Workshop on Tools for Artificial Intelligence, pp. 314320, IEEE, Nov. 1990.
 K04
 Resource Constrained Combinatorial Searches,
B. W. Wah,
Keynote Address, IEEE Int'l Workshop on Tools for Artificial Intelligence,
Washington, D.C., Nov. 69, 1990.
 J52
 A Comparison of a Class of IDA* Search Algorithms,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. Shang,
Int'l Journal of Tools with Artificial Intelligence,
World Scientific, vol. 3, no. 4, Oct. 1995, pp. 493523.
 C099
 A Comparative Study of IDA*Style Searches,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. Shang,
Proc. 6th Int'l Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence,
IEEE, Nov. 1994, pp. 290296.
 R08
 MIDA*: An IDA* Search with Dynamic Control,
abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah,
Research Report CRHC9109, Center for Reliable and High
Performance Computing, Coordinated Science Laboratory,
Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL, April 1991.
 C080
 Band Search: An Efficient Alternative to Guided DepthFirst Search,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and L.C. Chu,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Tools for Artificial Intelligence,
pp. 154161, IEEE Computer Society, Nov. 1992.
 J43
 Combinatorial Search Algorithms with MetaControl: Modeling and Implementations,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and L.C. Chu,
Int'l J. of Artificial Intelligence Tools,
World Scientific Publishers, vol. 1, no. 3, Sept. 1992, pp. 369397.
 C063
 Speculative Search: An Efficient Search Algorithm for Limited Memory,
(full text in PDF)
M. M. Gooley and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Workshop on Tools for Artificial Intelligence,
pp. 194200, IEEE, Nov. 1990.
 J14
 Stochastic Modeling of BranchandBound Algorithms with BestFirst Search,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and C. F. Yu,
IEEE Trans. on Software Engineering, vol. SE11, no. 9, pp. 922934, Sept. 1985.
 C012
 Probabilistic Modeling of BranchandBound Algorithms,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and C. F. Yu,
Proc. Computer Software and Applications Conf., pp. 647653, IEEE, Nov. 1982.
(a) Control and Scheduling
 C067
 Parallel Iterative Refining A*: An Efficient Search Scheme
for Solving Combinatorial Optimization Problems,
(full text in PDF)
G.J. Li and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Parallel Processing, pp. 608615,
Pennsylvania State Univ. Press, University Park, PA, Aug. 1991.
 BC12
 Multiprocessing of Combinatorial Search Problems,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah, G. J. Li, and C. F. Yu,
in Parallel Algorithms for Machine Intelligence and Pattern
Recognition, ed. L. Kanal, V. Kumar, and P. S. Gopalakrishnan,
pp. 102145, SpringerVerlag, New York, NY, 1990.
 J12
 Multiprocessing of Combinatorial Search Problems,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah, G. J. Li, and C. F. Yu,
IEEE Computer, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 93108, June 1985.
Also in Tutorial: Computers for Artificial Intelligence Applications,
ed. B. W. Wah, IEEE Computer Society, 1986, pp. 173188.
 TP2
 Parallel Processing of Combinatorial Search Problems,
(full text in PDF)
G. J. Li,
Ph.D. Thesis, School of Elect. Engr., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, Dec. 1985.
 C036
 How Good are Parallel and Ordered DepthFirst Searches?
(full text in PDF)
G. J. Li and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Parallel Processing, pp. 992999, Pennsylvania State Univ. Press,
University Park, PA, Aug. 1986.
 J36
 Optimal Parallel Evaluation of ANDTrees,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and G.J. Li,
J. Parallel and Distributed Computing, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 117, Academic Press, Oct. 1990.
 C041
 Optimal Granularity of Parallel Evaluation of ANDTrees,
(full text in PDF)
G. J. Li and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Fall Joint Computer Conf., pp. 297306, ACM/IEEE, Nov. 1986.
 C031
 MANIP2: A Multicomputer Architecture for Evaluating Logic Programs,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and G.J. Li,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Parallel Processing, pp. 123130, IEEE, Aug. 1985.
Also in Tutorial: Computers for Artificial Intelligence Applications,
ed. B. W. Wah, IEEE Computer Society, 1986, pp. 392399.
 J09
 MANIPA Multicomputer Architecture for Solving Combinatorial Extremum Problems,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. W. Ma,
IEEE Trans. on Computers, vol. C33, no. 5, pp. 377390, May 1984.
Also in Tutorial: Computer Architecture,
ed. D. D. Gajski, V. M. Milutinovic, H. J. Siegel, and B. P. Furht,
IEEE Computer Society, 1987, pp. 578591;
Also in Tutorial: Parallel Architecture for Database Systems,
ed. A. R. Hurson, L. L. Miller and S. H. Pakzad, IEEE Computer Society, 1988.
 C021
 The Status of MANIP  A MultiComputer Architecture for
Solving Combinatorial ExtremumSearch Problems,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah, G. J. Li, and C. F. Yu,
Proc. 11'th Int'l Symp. on Computer Architecture, pp. 5663, ACM/IEEE, June 1984.
 C007
 MANIP  A Parallel Computer System for Implementing BranchandBound Algorithms,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. W. Ma,
Proc. 8th Int'l Symp. on Computer Architecture, pp. 239262, ACM/IEEE, May 1981.
 C009
 The Architecture of MANIP  A Parallel Computer System for
Solving Nondeterministic Polynomial Complete Problems,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. W. Ma,
Proc. National Computer Conf., pp. 149161, AFIPS Press, May 1981.
 J08
 A Partitioning Approach to the Design of Selection Networks,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and G. L. Chen,
IEEE Trans. on Computers, vol. C33, no. 3, pp. 261268, March 1984.
 C022
 Generalized Parallel Selection Networks,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and G. L. Chen,
Proc. 1st Int'l Conf. on Computers and Applications, pp. 406422, IEEE, Beijing, China, June 1984.
(b) Anomalies in Parallelism
 J32
 Computational Efficiency of Combinatorial ORTree Searches,
(full text in PDF)
G. J. Li and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Software Engineering, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 1331, Jan. 1990.
 C025
 Computational Efficiency of Parallel Approximate BranchandBound Algorithms,
(full text in PDF)
G. J. Li and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Parallel Processing, pp. 473480, IEEE, Aug. 1984.
 C024
 How to Cope with Anomalies in Parallel Approximate BranchandBound Algorithms,
(full text in PDF)
G. J. Li and B. W. Wah,
Proc. National Conf. on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 212215, AAAI, Aug. 1984.
 J16
 Coping with Anomalies in Parallel BranchandBound Algorithms,
(full text in PDF)
G.J. Li and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Computers, vol. C34, no. 6, pp. 568573, June 1986.
 J23
 Efficient BranchandBound Algorithms on a TwoLevel Memory System,
(full text in PDF)
C. F. Yu and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Software Engineering, vol. SE14, no. 9, pp. 13421356, Sept. 1988.
 TP4
 Efficient Combinatorial Search Algorithms,
(full text in PDF)
C. F. Yu,
Ph.D. Thesis, School of Elect. Engr., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, Dec. 1986.
 C027
 Efficient BranchandBound Algorithms on a TwoLevel Memory System,
(full text in PDF)
C. F. Yu and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Computer Software and Applications Conf., pp. 504514, IEEE, Nov. 1984.
 C017
 VirtualMemory Support for BranchandBound Algorithms,
(full text in PDF)
C. F. Yu and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Computer Software and Applications Conf., pp. 618626, IEEE, Nov. 1983.
 TM3
 VirtualMemory Support for BranchandBound Algorithms,
(full text in PDF)
C. F. Yu,
M.Sc. Thesis, School of Elect. Engr., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, Aug. 1983.
 TP7
 Improvement of Constrained Searches,
(full text in PDF)
M. Gooley,
Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. of Computer Science, Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL, Aug. 1991.
 J35
 Efficient Reordering of Prolog Programs,
(full text in PDF)
M. M. Gooley and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 470482, Dec. 1989.
 C047
 Efficient Reordering of Prolog Programs,
(full text in PDF)
M. M. Gooley and B. W. Wah,
Proc. 4th Int'l Conf. on Data Engineering, pp. 7178, IEEE, Los Angeles, CA, Feb. 1988.
 BC10
 System Architectures for Prolog Execution,
(full text in PDF)
M. M. Gooley and B. W. Wah,
in Structured Methodologies for Expert Systems Development,
ed. J. Liebowitz and D. DeSalvo, pp. 171213, Prentice Hall, 1989.
 C051
 Reordering of Prolog Programs with AndParallelism,
(full text in PDF)
M. M. Gooley and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Workshop on Languages for Automation, pp. 219224, IEEE, College Park, MD, Aug. 1988.
 C040
 Multiprocessing of Logic Programs,
(full text in PDF)
G.J. Li and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, pp. 563567, IEEE, Oct. 1986.
 C060
 Redundancy Detection in Logic Programs is Undecidable,
(full text in PDF)
Z. Zhou and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Computer Software and Applications Conf., pp. 593598, IEEE, Oct. 1990.
 C049
 Prolog at the Univ. of Illinois,
(full text in PDF)
M. M. Gooley, L. V. Kale, D. A. Padua, B. Ramkumar, U. S. Reddy, D. C. Sehr, W. W. Shu, and B. W. Wah,
Proc. COMPCON, pp. 9296, San Francisco, CA, March 1988.
 J28
 Efficient Solutions for the Generalized TravelingSalesman Problem,
(abstract,
full text in PDF)
Y. N. Lien, Y. W. Ma, and B. W. Wah,
Information Sciences,
Elsevier Science Pub. Co., Inc., New York, NY, vol. 74, no. 1 & 2, pp. 177189, Oct. 15, 1993.
 S01
 ISE  AN INTEGRATED SEARCH ENVIRONMENT: THE MANUAL,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
LonChan Chu,
Technical Report CRHC921, Center for Reliable and High Performance
Computing, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, Jan. 1992.
 J62
 Designing a Coprocessor for Recurrent Computations,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
K. Ganapathy, B. W. Wah and C. W. Li,
IEEE Trans. on Parallel and Distributed Systems, volume 8, no. 8, August 1997, pp. 840856.
 C092
 Designing a Coprocessor for Recurrent Computations,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
K. Ganapathy and B. W. Wah,
Proc. 5th IEEE Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing, December 14, 1993, pp. 806813.
 J50
 Optimal Synthesis of Algorithmspecific LowerDimensional Processor Arrays,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
K. Ganapathy and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Parallel and Distributed Systems, IEEE, volume 7, no. 4, June 1996, pp. 274287.
 TP9
 Mapping Regular Recursive Algorithms to FineGrained Processor Arrays,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
K. Ganapathy,
Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering,
University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, May 1994.
 R13
 Optimal Synthesis of Algorithmspecific LowerDimensional Processor Arrays,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
K. Ganapathy and B. W. Wah,
Tech. Rep. CRHC 9323, Center for Reliable and High Performance Computing,
Coordinated Science Laboratory, Univeristy of Illinois, Urbana, IL, Nov. 1993.
 C095
 Optimizing General Design Objectives in ProcessorArray Design,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
K. Ganapathy and B. W. Wah,
Proc. IEEE Int'l Parallel Processing Symposium, April 1994, pp. 295302.
 BC17
 AlgorithmicSpecific Parallel Processing with Linear Processor Arrays,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
J. A. B. Fortes, B. W. Wah, W. J. Shang, and K. Ganapathy,
in Advances in Computers, ed. M. Yovitz, vol. 33, Academic Press, 1994, pp. 197245.
 BC15
 Systematic Synthesis of Processor Arrays for Uniform Recurrence Equations,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript)
K. Ganapathy and B. W. Wah,
in Transformational Approaches to Systolic Design,
ed. G. M. Megson, pp. 133, Chapman and Hall, New York, NY, 1993.
 C078
 Synthesizing Optimal Lower Dimensional Processor Arrays,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
K. Ganapathy and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Parallel Processing, CRC Press, Aug. 1992, vol. 3, pp. 96103.
 C076
 Optimal Design of Processor Arrays for Uniform Recurrences,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
K. Ganapathy and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on ApplicationSpecific Array Processors,
IEEE Computer Society, Berkeley, CA, Aug. 1992, pp. 636648.
 J48
 Optimal Synthesis of Processor Arrays with Pipelined Arithmetic Units from Uniform Recurrence Equations,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
K. Ganapathy and B. W. Wah,
Parallel Processing Letters, World Scientific Pub. Co., vol. 4, no. 3, 1994, pp. 339350.
 TP6
 Systematic Design of Systolic Arrays,
(full text in PDF)
M. Aboelaze,
Ph.D. Thesis, School of Elect. Engr., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN 47907, Aug. 1988.
 J39
 On the Relationship Between Systolic Array Design Methodologies,
(full text in PDF)
M. T. O'Keefe, J. A. B. Fortes, and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Computers, vol. 41, no. 12, pp. 15891593, Dec, 1991.
 J11
 The Design of Optimal Systolic Arrays,
(full text in PDF)
G.J. Li and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Computers, vol. C34, no. 1, pp. 6677, Jan. 1985.
Also in Tutorial: VLSI Algorithms and Architectures: Fundamentals,
ed. N. Ranganathan, IEEE Computer Society Press, 1993.
 C016
 Optimal Design of Systolic Arrays for Image Processing,
(full text in PDF)
G. J. Li and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Workshop on Computer Architecture for Pattern Analysis and Image Database Management,
IEEE, Oct. 1983, pp. 134141.
 C018
 The Design of Optimal Systolic Algorithms,
(full text in PDF)
G. J. Li and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Computer Software and Applications Conf., pp. 310319, IEEE, Nov. 1983.
Processor Arrays: Applications
 C106
 Optimal BitLevel Processor Arrays for Matrix Multiplication,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
C. W. Li and B. W. Wah,
Proc. 11th Int'l Conf. on Systems Engineering, Univ. of Nevada, NV, July 1996, pp. 596601.
 J51
 Processor Array with Bounded I/O Ports for computing Transitive Closures,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
M. Aboelaze and B. W. Wah,
J. of Parallel and Distributed Computing, Academic Press, vol. 29, no. 1, Aug. 1995, pp. 8490.
 C085
 TwoDimensional Digital Filtering Using ConstantI/O Systolic Arrays,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
M. Aboelaze, D. Lee, and B. W. Wah,
Proc. IEEE Int'l Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Chicago, IL, March 1993, pp. 255258.
 C069
 A Programmable VLSI Array with Constant Number of I/O Pins,
(full text in PDF)
M. Aboelaze, D. Lee, and B. W. Wah,
in Algorithms and Parallel VLSI Architectures II, ed. P. Quinton and Y. Robert, pp. 205209,
Elsevier Science Publishers, Bonas, France, June 36, 1991.
 C066
 TwoDimensional Digital Filtering Using a Linear Processor Array,
(full text in PDF)
M. Aboelaze, D. Lee, and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Symp. on Circuits and Systems, pp. 29432946, IEEE, Singapore, June 1991.
 C087
 Dependence Analysis and Architecture Design for BitLevel Algorithms,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
W. J. Shang and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conference on Parallel Processing, CRC Press, Aug. 1993, pp. I30I38.
 J20
 Systolic Processing for Dynamic Programming Problems,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and G.J. Li,
Circuits, Systems, and Signal Processing,
vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 119149, SpringerVerlag, New York, NY, 1988.
 C032
 Parallel Processing of Serial Dynamic Programming Problems,
(full text in PDF)
G.J. Li and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Computer Software and Applications Conf., pp. 8189, IEEE, Oct. 1985.
 C030
 Systolic Processing for Dynamic Programming Problems,
(full text in PDF)
G.J. Li and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Parallel Processing, pp. 434441, IEEE, Aug. 1985.
 C106
 Optimal Design of Systolic Arrays for Image Processing,
(full text in PDF)
G.J. Li and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Workshop on Computer Architecture for Pattern Analysis and Image Database Management,
pp. 134141, IEEE, Oct. 1983.
 BC04
 VLSI Architectures for Pattern Analysis and Image Database Management,
(full text in PDF)
K. S. Fu, K. Hwang, and B. W. Wah,
in VLSI and Modern Signal Processing, ed. S. Y. Kung, H. J. Whitehouse, and T. Kailath,
pp. 434450, PrenticeHall, 1984.
 J05
 PUMPS Architecture for Pattern Analysis and Image Database Management,
(full text in PDF)
F. A. Briggs, K. S. Fu, K. Hwang, and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Computers, vol. C31, no. 10, pp. 969983, Oct. 1982.
Also in Tutorial: VLSI Algorithms and Architectures: Fundamentals,
ed. N. Ranganathan, IEEE Computer Society Press, 1993.
 BC05
 VLSI Multiprocessor for Image Processing,
(full text in PDF)
K. S. Fu, K. Hwang, and B. W. Wah,
in Computer Architectures for SpatiallyDistributed Data, ed. H. Freeman and G. Pieroni, pp. 139157,
SpringerVerlag, New York, NY, 1984.
 C010
 PUMPS Architecture for Pattern Analysis and Image Database Management,
(full text in PDF)
F. A. Briggs, K. H. Hwang, K. S. Fu, and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Workshop on Computer Architecture for Pattern Analysis and Image Database Management,
pp. 178187, IEEE, Nov. 1981.
Processor Arrays: Interfacing
 J31
 Complexities of Layouts in ThreeDimensional VLSI Layouts,
(full text in PDF)
M. Aboelaze and B. W. Wah,
Information Sciences, vol. 55, no. 1, 2, and 3, pp. 167188, Elsevier Science Pub. Co., Inc.,
New York, NY, June 1991.
 C044
 Complexities of Layouts in ThreeDimensional VLSI Layouts,
(full text in PDF)
M. Aboelaze and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Symp. on Circuits and Systems, pp. 543546, IEEE, Philadelphia, PA, May 1987.
 J21
 Systematic Designs of Buffers in Macropipelines of Systolic Arrays,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah, M. Aboelaze, and W. J. Shang,
J. of Parallel and Distributed Computing, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 125, Academic Press, May 1988.
 C033
 Buffering in Macropipelines of Systolic Arrays,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah, W. J. Shang, and M. Aboelaze,
Proc. Workshop on Computer Architecture for Pattern Analysis and Image Database Management,
pp. 28, IEEE, Nov. 1985.
 J01
 A Design of a Fast Cellular Associative Memory for Ordered Retrieval,
(full text in PDF,
Authors' Reply in PDF)
C. V. Ramamoorthy, J. L. Turner, and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Computers, vol. C27, no. 9, pp. 800815, Sept. 1978.
 J02
 An Optimal Algorithm for Scheduling Request on Interleaved Memories for a Pipelined Processor,
(full text in PDF)
C. V. Ramamoorthy and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Computers, vol. C30, no. 10, pp. 787800, Oct. 1981.
 J03
 The Degradation in Memory Utilization due to Dependencies,
(full text in PDF)
C. V. Ramamoorthy and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Computers, vol. C30, no. 10, pp. 813818, Oct. 1981.
 TM0
 Analysis of Buffering in Memory Interleaving,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah,
M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Elect. Engr. and Comp. Sci., University of California, Berkeley, June 1976.
 C006
 An Optimal Scheduling Algorithm for Interleaved Memories and the
Effects on Memory Performance due to Dependencies,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Computer Symp., pp. 429437, Taiwan, China, Dec. 1980.
 C004
 DIALOG  A Distributed Processor Organization for Database Machine,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and S. B. Yao,
Proc. National Computer Conf., pp. 243254, AFIPS Press, June 1980.
Also in Tutorial: Parallel Architecture for Database Systems,
ed. A. R. Hurson, L. L. Miller and S. H. Pakzad, IEEE Computer Society Press, 1988.
The Multiaccess Problem: The Search for a Single
Responding Station
(a) Multiaccess Control in Ethernets
 J15
 Resource Scheduling for Local Computer Systems with a Multiaccess Network,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and J. Y. Juang,
IEEE Trans. on Computers, vol. C34, no. 12, pp. 11441157, Dec. 1985.
 PAT1
 An Efficient Contention Resolution Protocol for Local Multiaccess Networks,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and J. Y. Juang,
Patent Number 4630264, Filed: Sept. 21, 1984, Granted:, Dec. 16, 1986.
 TP1
 Resource Allocation in Computer Networks,
(full text in PDF)
J. Y. Juang,
Ph.D. Thesis, School of Elect. Engr., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, Aug. 1985.
 J26
 A Unified MinimumSearch Method for Resolving Contentions in Multiaccess Networks with Ternary Feedback,
(full text in PDF)
J. Y. Juang and B. W. Wah,
Information Sciences, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 253287, Elsevier Science Pub. Co., Inc., New York, NY, 1989.
 C019
 Unified Window Protocols for Contention Resolution in Local Multiaccess Networks,
(full text in PDF)
J. Y. Juang and B. W. Wah,
Proc. INFOCOM, pp. 97104, IEEE, April 1984.
 C015
 An Efficient Protocol for Load Balancing on CSMA/CD Networks,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and J. Y. Juang,
Proc. 8th Conf. on Local Computer Networks, pp. 5561, IEEE, Oct. 1983.
(b) Multiaccess Control in Wireless Networks
 C116
 An Efficient Multiaccess Protocol for Wireless Networks,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Benjamin W. Wah and Xiao Su,
Proc. Int'l Symposium on Internet Technology, Taipei, Taiwan, April 1998, pp. 173178.
 TM12
 Design and Evaluation of a WindowBased Wireless Medium Access Control Protocol,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Xiao Su,
M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Computer Science, Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL, May 1997.
(c) Multiaccess Control in BusBased Multiprocessor Networks
 J37
 A ContentionBased BusControl Scheme for Multiprocessor Systems,
(full text in PDF)
J. Y. Juang and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Computers, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 10461053, Aug. 1991.
 C023
 A Multiaccess BusArbitration Scheme for VLSIDensed Distributed Systems,
(full text in PDF)
J. Y. Juang and B. W. Wah,
Proc. National Computer Conf., pp. 1322, AFIPS Press, July 1984.
(d) Multiaccess Control in Multiple Contention Busses
 J25
 Load Balancing and Ordered Selections in a Computer System with Multiple Contention Busses,
(full text in PDF)
J. Y. Juang and B. W. Wah,
J. of Parallel and Distributed Computing, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 391415, Academic Press, Dec. 1989.
 C039
 Global State Identification for Load Balancing in a Computer System with Multiple Contention Busses,
(full text in PDF)
J. Y. Juang and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Computer Software and Applications Conf., pp. 3642, IEEE, Oct. 1986.
 C034
 Channel Allocation in Multiple ContentionBus Networks,
(full text in PDF)
J. Y. Juang and B. W. Wah,
Proc. INFOCOM, pp. 189196, IEEE, April 1986.
Load Balancing: The Search for Stations with the Minimum and the Maximum Load
 TP5
 Resource Allocation on Distributed Computer System,
(full text in PDF)
K. M. Baumgartner,
Ph.D. Thesis, School of Elect. Engr., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, May, 1988.
 J33
 GAMMON: A Load Balancing Strategy for a Local Computer System with a Multiaccess Network,
(full text in PDF)
K. Baumgartner and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Computers, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 10981109, Aug. 1989.
 J30
 Implementation of an Efficient Load Balancing Strategy for a Local Computer System,
(full text in PDF)
K. M. Baumgartner, R. Kling, and B. W. Wah,
Computer Systems Science and Engineering, vol. 4, no. 4,
pp. 216226, Butterworth and Co. Ltd., Oct. 1989.
 C054
 Design and Implementation of an Efficient Load Balancing Strategy for a Local Computer System,
(full text in PDF)
K. M. Baumgartner, R. M. Kling, and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Parallel Processing,
Pennsylvania State Univ. Press, University Park, PA, pp. 7780, 1989.
 C052
 A Global Load Balancing Strategy for a Distributed Computer System,
(full text in PDF)
K. M. Baumgartner and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Conf. on Future Trends in Distributed Computer Systems
in the 90's, pp. 93102, IEEE, Hong Kong, Sept. 1988.
 C045
 Load Balancing Protocols on a Local Computer System with a Multiaccess Bus,
(full text in PDF)
K. M. Baumgartner and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Parallel Processing, pp. 851858,
Pennsylvania State Univ. Press, University Park, PA, Aug. 1987.
 C029
 The Effects of Load Balancing on Response Time for Local CSMA Networks,
(full text in PDF)
K. M. Baumgartner and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Communications, pp. 10.1.110.1.5, IEEE, June 1985.
 TM4

The Effects of Load Balancing on Response Time for CSMA/CD Networks,
(full text in PDF)
K. M. Baumgartner,
M.Sc. Thesis, School of Elect. Engr., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, Dec. 1984.
 TM5
 Resource Sharing on CSMA/CD Networks in the Presence of Noise,
(full text in PDF)
D. Dinschel,
M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL, Aug. 1987.
 J04
 A UNIXbased Local Computer Network with Load Balancing,
(full text in PDF)
K. Hwang, W. J. Croft, G. H. Goble, B. W. Wah, F. A. Briggs, W. R. Simmons, and C. L. Coate,
IEEE Computer, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 5566, April 1982.
Also in Tutorial: Computer Architecture,
ed. D. D. Gajski, V. M. Milutinovic, H. J. Siegel, and B. P. Furht, IEEE Computer Society, 1987, pp. 541552.
 C008
 Engineering Computer Network (ECN): A Hardwired Network of UNIX Computer Systems,
(full text in PDF)
K. Hwang, B. W. Wah, and F. A. Briggs,
Proc. National Computer Conf., pp. 191201, AFIPS Press, May 1981.
Resource Sharing Interconnection Networks:
The Search for Free Sources of a Specific Type
 J24
 Resource Sharing Interconnection Networks in Multiprocessors,
(full text in PDF)
J. Y. Juang and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Computers, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 115129, Jan. 1989.
 BC07
 Resource Allocation for Local Computer Systems,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and J. Y. Juang,
in Computer Architecture: Concepts and Systems, ed. V. M. Milutinovic, pp. 265304, Elsevier, 1988.
 C037
 Resource Sharing Interconnection Networks in Multiprocessors,
(full text in PDF)
J. Y. Juang and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Parallel Processing, pp. 750757, Pennsylvania State Univ. Press,
University Park, PA, Aug. 1986.
 C026
 Optimal Scheduling Algorithms for Multistage Resource Sharing Interconnection Networks,
(full text in PDF)
J. Y. Juang and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Computer Software and Applications Conf., pp. 217225, IEEE, Nov. 1984.
 C014
 A Comparative Study of Distributed Resource Sharing on Multiprocessors,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah,
Proc. 10th Int'l Symp. on Computer Architecture, pp. 301308c, ACM/IEEE, June 1983.
 J10
 A Comparative Study of Distributed Resource Sharing on Multiprocessors,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Computers, vol. C33, no. 8, pp. 700711, Aug. 1984.
Also in Tutorial: Computer Architecture,
ed. D. D. Gajski, V. M. Milutinovic, H. J. Siegel, and B. P Fuhrt, IEEE Computer Society, 1987, pp. 160171.
 C013
 Resource Sharing on Multiprocessors,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Computer Symp., pp. 3139, Taiwan, China, Dec. 1982.
 C011
 Distributed Scheduling of Resources on Interconnection Network,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and A. Hicks,
Proc. National Computer Conf., pp. 697709, AFIPS Press, June 1982.
 TM1
 Resource Scheduling on Interconnection Networks,
(full text in PDF)
A. H. Hicks,
M.Sc. Thesis, School of Elect. Engr., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, Aug. 1982.
Load Balancing: Applications
 J40
 Optimal Mapping of NeuralNetwork Simulations on MessagePassing Multicomputers,
(full text in PDF)
L.C. Chu and B. W. Wah,
J. of Parallel and Distributed Computing, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 319339, Academic Press, March 1992.
 TM8
 Optimal Mapping of Neural Networks on Multicomputers,
(full text in PDF)
L.C. Chu,
M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL, May 1991.
 C057
 Efficient Mapping of Neural Networks on Multicomputers,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and L.C. Chu,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Parallel Processing, vol. I, pp. 234241, Pennsylvania State Univ. Press,
University Park, PA, Aug. 1990.
 C089
 Scheduling of Dynamic DivideandConquer Computations on Multicomputers,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
V. Karamcheti and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Computers and Software Applications Conference,
IEEE Computer Society Press, Nov. 1993, pp. 352359.
Optimizing Perceptual Quality
 TP21
 Optimizing Perceptual Quality for Online Multimedia Systems with FastPaced Interactions,
(abstract, full text in PDF)
J. X. Xu,
Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering, Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Aug. 2017.
 J98
 Optimizing the Perceptual Quality of RealTime Multimedia Applications,
(abstract, full text in PDF and
IEEE Xplore)
J. X. Xu and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Multimedia, vol. 22, no. 4, Oct.Dec. 2015, pp. 1428.
 J100
 Optimality of Greedy Algorithm for Generating JustNoticeable Difference Surfaces,
(abstract, full text in PDF and
IEEE Xplore)
J. X. Xu and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Multimedia, vol. 18, no. 7, July 2016, pp. 13301337.
 J101
 Consistent Synchronization of Action Order with Least Noticeable Delays in Online Games,
(abstract, full text in PDF and
ACM Digital Library)
J. X. Xu and B. W. Wah,
ACM Trans. on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications (TOMM), vol 13, no. 1, Jan. 2017.
Multimedia Loss Concealment
 J95
 On View Consistency in MultiServer Distributed Virtual Environments,
(abstract, full text in PDF)
H. Hu, R. W. H. Lau, H. Hu, and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 20, no. 10, Oct. 2014, pp. 14281440.
 K25
 RealTime Multimedia on the Internet,
(full text in PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah,
Keynote Speech, 1st IEEE Int'l Conf. on Web Information Systems Engineering,
Hong Kong, June 20, 2000.
 C129
 Streaming RealTime Audio and Video Data with TransformationBased Error Concealment and Reconstruction,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah, D. Lin, and X. Su
Proc. First Int'l Conf. on Web Information Systems Engineering,
IEEE, Hong Kong, June 2000, pp.211.
 C135
 A Survey of ErrorConcealment Schemes for RealTime Audio and Video Transmissions over the Internet,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah, X. Su, and D. Lin
Proc. Int'l Symposium on Multimedia Software Engineering,
IEEE, Taipei, Taiwan, Dec. 2000, pp. 1724.
 TP19
 Design and Evaluation of VoIP Systems with High Perceptual Conversational Quality,
(abstract, full text in
PDF and UIUC Ideals)
B. Sat,
Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering,
University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, Aug. 2010.
 J91
 The Design of VoIP Systems With High Perceptual Conversational Quality,
(abstract, full text in
PDF and
Academy Publisher)
B. W. Wah and B. Sat
Journal of Multimedia, Special Issue on Advances in Interactive Digital Entertainment Technologies,
vol. 4, no. 2, 2009. pp. 4962.
 J92
 Statistical Scheduling of Offline Comparative Subjective Evaluations for RealTime Multimedia,
(abstract, full text in
PDF, and
IEEE Xplore)
B. Sat and B. W. Wah
IEEE Trans. on Multimedia, Vol. 11, no. 6, Oct. 2009, pp. 11141130.
 C171
 Statistical Testing Of Offline Comparative Subjective Evaluations For Optimizing Perceptual Conversational Quality In VoIP,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
B. Sat and B. W. Wah
Proc. IEEE Int'l Symposium on Multimedia, Dec. 2008, pp. 424431.
 C163
 Playout Scheduling and LossConcealments in VoIP for Optimizing Conversational Voice Communication Quality,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
B. Sat and B. W. Wah
Proc. ACM Multimedia ACM, Sept. 2007, pp. 137146.
 TM21
 The Design of a MultiParty VoIP Conferencing System over the Internet,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Z. X. Huang
M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL, May 2009.
 C166
 The Design of a MultiParty VoIP Conferencing System over the Internet,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
B. Sat, Z. X. Huang, and B. W. Wah
Proc. IEEE Int'l Symposium on Multimedia, Dec. 2007, pp. 310.
Also as K63 in Keynote Address, Quality Assessment of VoIP Systems over the Internet, Dec. 10, 2007.
 J90
 Analyzing Voice Quality in Popular VoIP Applications,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. Sat and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Multimedia Magazine, vol. 16, JanMar 2009, pp. 4658.
 C167
 Automated Learning of Playout Scheduling Algorithms for Improving Perceptual Conversational Quality in MultiParty VoIP,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
Z. X. Huang, B. Sat, and B. W. Wah
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Multimedia and Expo IEEE, July 2008, pp. 493496.
 C164
 Evaluation of Conversational Voice Communication Quality of the Skype, GoogleTalk, Windows Live, and Yahoo
Messenger VoIP Systems,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
B. Sat and B. W. Wah
Proc. IEEE Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing Oct. 2007.
 C158
 Analysis and Evaluation of the Skype and GoogleTalk VoIP Systems,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
B. Sat and B. W. Wah
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Multimedia and Expo IEEE, July 2006.
 C172
 New Piggybacking Algorithm In VoIP Using Enhanced G.722.2 Codec With Larger Frames,
(abstract, full text in
PDF,
IEEE Xplore, and
presentation viewgraphs in PPT)
W. H. Yeo, B. Sat and B. W. Wah
Proc. IEEE Int'l Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing (MMSP'09), Oct 2009 pp.14, 57 Oct. 2009.
 TB02
 New Piggybacking Algorithm in {VoIP} using Enhanced G.722.2 Codec with Larger Frames
(abstract, full text in
PDF)
W. H. Yeo
B.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Univ. of Illinois, UrbanaChampaign, May 2009
 C153
 SpeechAdaptive Layered G.729 Coder for Loss Concealments of RealTime Voice over IP,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
B. Sat and B. W. Wah
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Multimedia and Expo IEEE, July 2005.
 C156
 Speech and NetworkAdaptive Layered G.729 Coder for Loss Concealments of RealTime Voice over IP,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
B. Sat and B. W. Wah
Proc. IEEE Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing Oct. 2005.
 TP16
 Loss Concealments for Low BitRate Packet Voice,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
D. Lin,
Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering,
Univ. of Illinois, UrbanaChampaign, Aug. 2002.
 K51
 Loss Concealments for Low BitRate Packet Voice in Voice over IP,
(full text in PostScript and
PDF)
B. Wah,
Keynote Address, IEEE Sixth Int'l Symposium on Multimedia Software Engineering,
Miami, FL, Dec. 15, 2004.
 K43
 Loss Concealments for Low BitRate Packet Voice in VoIP,
(full text in PostScript and
PDF)
B. Wah,
Plenary Speech, IEEE Int'l Conference on Computer Networks and Mobile Computing,
Shanghai, China, Oct. 22, 2003.
 J76
 LSPBased MultipleDescription Coding for RealTime Low BitRate Voice over IP,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and D. Lin,
IEEE Trans. on Multimedia vol. 7, no. 1, Feb. 2005, pp. 167178.
 C155
 Speech and NetworkAdaptive Layered G.729 Coder for Loss Concealments of RealTime Voice over IP,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
D. Lin, B. W. Wah, and H. Yu
Proc. IEEE Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing Oct. 2005.
 PAT2
 Method and Program Product for Organizing Data into Packets,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and D. Lin,
US Patent Number 6754203 B2, Filed: March 1, 2002, Granted: June 22, 2004.
 C141
 LSPBased MultipleDescription Coding for RealTime Low BitRate Voice Transmissions,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
D. Lin and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Int'l Conf. on Multimedia and Expo Aug. 2002, pp. 597600.
 J68
 TransformationBased Reconstruction for RealTime Voice Transmissions over the Internet,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and D. Lin,
IEEE Trans. on Multimedia,
IEEE, vol. 1, no. 4, Dec. 1999, pp. 342351.
 TM16
 RealTime Voice Transmissions over the Internet,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Dong Lin,
M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Univ. of Illinois, UrbanaChampaign, Dec. 1998.
 C120
 Transformationbased Reconstruction for Audio Transmissions over the Internet,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and D. Lin,
Proc. 17th IEEE Symposium on Reliable Distributed Systems,
IEEE Computer Society Press, Oct. 1998, pp. 211217.
 TM17
 Optimizing RealTime Audio Signals over Mobile Networks,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Jeffrey P. Monks,
M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Univ. of Illinois, UrbanaChampaign, Dec. 1998.
 C177
 Concealing Network Delays in DelaySensitive Online Interactive Games Based on JustNoticeable Differences,
(abstract, full text in PDF)
J. X. Xu and B. W. Wah,
Proc. IEEE Intnerational Conference on Multimedia and Expo, July 2013.
 C176
 Exploiting JustNoticeable Difference of Delays for Improving Quality of Experience in Video Conferencing,
(abstract, full text in PDF, and presentation
viewgraphs in PDF)
J. X. Xu and B. W. Wah,
Proc. ACM Multimedia Systems Conference, Feb. 2013, pp. 138148.
 C175
 DelayAware Loss Concealment Strategies for RealTime Video Conferencing,
(abstract and full text in PDF, and
IEEE Xplore)
J. X. Xu and B. W. Wah,
Proc. IEEE Int'l Symp. on Multimedia, Dec. 2011, pp. 2734.
 K79
 DelayAware Loss Concealments For RealTime Video Conferencing (Keynote Address),
(Full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah,
CCF China National Computer Congress, Dailan, China, Oct. 18, 2012.
 TM22
 Finding Perceptually Optimal Operating Points of a Real Time Interactive VideoConferencing System,
(abstract, full text in
PDF
and UIUC Ideals)
Wee Hong Yeo,
M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Univ. of Illinois, UrbanaChampaign, May 2011.
 C173
 Scheduling Transmissions of RealTime Video Coded Frames in Video Conferencing Applications over the Internet,
(abstract, full text in
PDF and
IEEE Xplore)
J. Lu and B. W. Wah,
Workshop on Networking Issues in Multimedia Entertainment (NIME),
Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. on Multimedia and Expo (ICME), pp.16951700, 1923 July 2010.
 J72
 MultiDescription Video Streaming with Optimized ReconstructionBased DCT
and NeuralNetwork Compensations,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
X. Su and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Multimedia, vol. 3, no. 1, March 2001, pp. 123131.
 J81
 Loss Aware Rate Allocations in H.263 Coded Video Transmissions
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
X. Su and B. W. Wah,
J. of Circuits, Systems, and Computers, World Scientific Pub. Co.,
vol. 14, no. 6, Dec. 2005, pp. 11571171.
 TP15
 Error Concealments for Robust Image and Video Transmissions on the Internet,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
X. Su,
Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. of Computer Science, Univ. of Illinois, UrbanaChampaign, Sept. 2001.
 C131
 Streaming Video with Optimized ReconstructionBased DCT,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF, presentation viewgraphs in
PDF)
X. Su and B. W. Wah,
Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. on Multimedia and Expo, pp. 536539, JulyAug. 2000.
 C121
 Streaming Video with TransformationBased Error Concealment and Reconstruction,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and X. Su,
Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. on Multimedia Computing and Systems, June 1999, vol.1, pp. 238243.
 TM14
 Video on Demand using TCP: An Experimental Study,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
Liwei Wang,
M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL, Dec. 1997.
 TM20
 RealTime Transmission of JPEG2000 Images over the Internet,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
H. Yu,
M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL, May 2004.
 C146
 FrequencyBased Reconstruction of MultiDescription Coded JPEG2000 Images,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
H. Yu and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Computer Networks and Mobile Computing IEEE, Oct. 2003, pp. 9299.
 C140
 Loss concealments of subband coded images for realtime transmissions in the Internet,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF,
presentation viewgraphs in PDF)
B. W. Wah and X. Su,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Multimedia and Expo IEEE, Aug. 2002, pp. 449452.
 J75
 ReconstructionBased Subband Image Coding for UDP Transmissions over the Internet,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
X. Su and B. W. Wah,
Journal of VLSI Signal Processing, Kluwer Academic Press, vol. 34, no. 12, MayJune 2003, pp. 2948.
 C138
 Coding and Transmission of Subband Coded Images in the Internet (Keynote Address),
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah and X. Su
Proc. SPIE Multispectral Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, Image Compression and Encryption Technologies
vol. 4551, Oct. 2001, pp. 110.
Distributed Databases
 TP0
 A Systematic Approach to the Management of Data on Distributed Data Bases,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah,
Ph.D. Thesis, Dept. of Elect. Engr. and Comp. Sci., University of California, Berkeley, Dec. 1979.
 TP3
 Distributed Database on Local Multiaccess Computer Systems,
(full text in PDF)
Y. N. Lien,
Ph.D. Thesis, School of Elect. Engr., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, May 1985.
 J13
 Design of Distributed Databases on Local Computer Systems with a Multiaccess Network,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. N. Lien,
IEEE Trans. on Software Engineering, vol. SE11, no. 7, pp. 606619, July 1985.
 C042
 Design and Performance Study of DDBLMN,
(full text in PDF)
Y.N. Lien and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Hawaiian Conf. on System Sciences, vol. 2, pp. 407418, IEEE, Kona, Hawaii, Jan. 1987.
 C048
 File Allocation on Homogeneous Local Computer Systems with Twolevel Multiaccess Networks,
(full text in PDF)
Y.N. Lien, Y.L. Chang, and B. W. Wah,
Proc. 4th Int'l Conf. on Data Engineering, pp. 110117, IEEE, Los Angeles, CA, Feb. 1988.
 C020
 The FileAssignment and QueryProcessing Problems in Local Multiaccess Networks,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and Y. N. Lien,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Data Engineering, pp. 228235, IEEE, April 1984.
 J07
 File Placement on Distributed Computer Systems,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah,
IEEE Computer, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 2332, Jan. 1984.
Also in Distributed Processing and Data Base Systems, vol. 2, ed. W. W. Chu, Artech House Books, 1986.
 J06
 The Isomorphism of Simple File Placement,
(full text in PDF)
C. V. Ramamoorthy and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Computers, vol. C32, no. 3, pp. 221232, March 1983.
 C005
 An Efficient Heuristic for File Placement on Distributed Databases,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah,
Proc. Computer Software and Applications Conf., pp. 462468, IEEE, Oct. 1980.
 B01
 Data Management in Distributed Databases,
B. W. Wah,
UMI Research Press, 1980.
 C003
 The Placements of Relations on a Distributed Relational Data Base,
(full text in PDF)
C. V. Ramamoorthy and B. W. Wah,
Proc. 1st Int'l Conf. on Distributed Computer Systems, pp. 642650, IEEE, Oct. 1979.
 C002
 Data Management in Distributed Data Bases,
(full text in PDF)
C. V. Ramamoorthy and B. W. Wah,
Proc. National Computer Conf., pp. 667680, AFIPS Press, June 1979.
 C001
 Architectural Issues in Distributed Data Base Systems,
(full text in PDF)
C. V. Ramamoorthy , G. S. Ho, T. Krishnarao, and B. W. Wah,
Proc. 3rd Int'l Conf. on Very Large Data Bases, pp. 121126, IEEE, Tokyo, Japan, Oct. 1977.
Other Protocols and Applications
 TM11
 ATM Network Performance Simulator,
(abstract,
full text in PDF)
S. A. Yenerich,
M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engr.,
University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, June 1995.
Education
 J103
 Vision, Challenges, Roles and Research Issues of Artificial Intelligence,
(abstract, full text in PDF and
Science Direct)
G. J. Hwang, H. Xie, B. W. Wah, and D. Gasevic
Computers and Education: Artificial Intelligence, vol. 1, 2020, pp. 15.
Knowledge and Data Engineering
 BC11
 Knowledge and Data Engineering,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah,
in Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology,
ed. A. Kent and J. G. Williams, vol. 24, Supplement 9, pp. 225237, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, NY, 1991.
 J34
 Knowledge and Data Engineering
(full text in PDF)
C. V. Ramamoorthy and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Trans. on Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 916, March 1989.
 BC29
 Web Intelligence Meets Brain Informatics
(full text in PDF)
N. Zhong, J. Liu, Y. Yao, J. Wu, S. Lu, Y. Qin, K. Li, and B. W. Wah,
Web Intelligence Meets Brain Informatics,
ed. Z. Zhong, J. Liu, Y. Yao, J. Wu, S. Lu, and K. Li, LNAI 4845 State of the Art Survey, Springer, 2008, pp. 131.
 C061
 Knowledge Engineering: The Design of Intelligent Computers,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah,
Proc. Region 10 Conf. on Computer and Communication Systems, pp. 511, IEEE, Hong Kong, Sept. 1990.
 K03
 Intelligent Computers: From Knowledge Engineering to Architectures,
B. W. Wah,
Keynote Address, IEEE Region 10 Conf. on Computer and Communication Systems, Hong Kong, Sept. 2427, 1990.
Search and Optimization
 C107
 Algorithms for the Satisfiability (SAT) Problem: A Survey,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
J. Gu, P. W. Purdom, J. Franco, and B. W. Wah,
Satisfiability Problem: Theory and Applications, Ed: DingZhu Du, Jun Gu, and Panos Pardalos,
DIMACS Series in Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science,
American Mathematical Society, 1997, pp. 19152.
Also as BC24 in Handbook of Applied Optimization, ed. P. M. Pardalos and M. G. C. Resende,
Oxford Univ. Press, 2002, pp. 640660.
StrategyLearning Architectures
 J59
 Strategy Learning: A Survey of Problems, Methods, and Architectures,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
P. Mehra and B. W. Wah
Int'l Journal of Tools with Artificial Intelligence,
World Scientific, vol. 7, no. 4, Dec. 1998, pp. 487550.
 BC14
 Architectures for Strategy Learning,
(full text in PDF)
P. Mehra and B. W. Wah,
in Computer Architectures for Artificial Intelligence Applications,
ed. B. Wah and C. Ramamoorthy, pp. 395468, Wiley, New York, NY, 1990.
 C097
 Parallel Processing and Machine Learning (Plenary Address),
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah
Proc. Symposium on Intelligent Systems in Communications and Power,
U. of Peurto Rico, Mayaguez, PR, pp. 238244, Feb. 2223, 1994.
 C074
 Are Neural Networks a Tool for AI?,
(full text in PDF)
J.G. DelgadoFrias, D. Hammerstron, C Koutsougeras,
G. Pechanek, and B. W. Wah,
Proc. 3rd Int'l Conf. on Tools for AI, pp. 56, IEEE,
San Jose, CA, Nov, 1991.
Architectures for AI Applications
 J46
 Report on Workshop on High Performance Computing and Communications for
Grand Challenge Applications: Computer Vision,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
B. W. Wah, T. S. Huang, A. K. Joshi, D. Moldovan, J. Aloimonos,
R. K. Bajcsy, D. Ballard, D. DeGroot, K. DeJong, C. R. Dyer,
S. E. Fahlman, R. Grishman, L. Hirschman, R. E. Korf, S. E.
Levinson, D. P. Miranker, N. H. Morgan, S. Nirenburg, T. Poggio,
E. M. Riseman, C. Stanfill, S. J. Stolfo, S. L. Tanimoto
Speech and Natural Language Processing, and Artificial Intelligence,''
IEEE Trans. on Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 5, no. 1, Feb. 1993, pp. 138154;
Also published as Tech. Rep. CRHC9226, Center for Reliable and High Performance
Computing, Coordinated Science Laboratory, Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL, Nov. 1992.
 J29
 Computers for Symbolic Processing,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah, M. B. Lowrie, and G.J. Li,
Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 509540, April 1989.
Also in Architectures for Data/Knowledge Base Systems, ed. L. L. Miller,
S. H. Pakzad, and A. R. Hurson, IEEE Computer Society Press, 1994.
 J27
 A Survey on the Design of Multiprocessing Systems for Artificial Intelligence Applications,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and G. J. Li,
IEEE Trans. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, vol. 19, no. 4, IEEE, July 1989, pp. 667692.
 C050
 Supercomputers for Symbolic Processing,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah, M. B. Lowrie, and G.J. Li,
Proc. 3rd Int'l Conf. on Supercomputing, vol. 1, pp. 484493, Boston, MA, May 1988.
 C043
 Design Methodologies of Computers for Artificial Intelligence Processing,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah,
Proc. Third Int'l Conf. on Data Engineering, pp. 293294, IEEE, Los Angeles, CA, Feb. 1987.
Also in Proc. Second Int'l Conf. on Supercomputing, May 1987, pp. 494495.
 C035
 A Survey on Special Purpose Computer Architectures for Artificial Intelligence,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and G. J. Li,
SIGART Newsletter, pp. 2846, ACM, April 1986.
 BC13
 Computers for Symbolic Processing,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah, G.J. Li, and M. Lowrie,
in Computer Architectures for Artificial Intelligence Applications,
ed. B. Wah and C. Ramamoorthy, pp. 173, Wiley, New York, NY, 1990.
 C093
 Grand Challenge AI Applications,
(abstract,
full text in PDF)
H. Kitan, W. V. Hahn, L. Hunter, R. Oka, B. W. Wah, and T. Yokoi,
Proc. 13th Int'l Joint Conf. on Artificial Intelligence,
Morgan Kuafman Pub., Inc., San Mateo, CA, Aug 1993, pp. 16771683.
 BE03
 Artificial Neural Networks: Concepts and Theory,
(full text in PDF)
P. Mehra and B. W. Wah (ed.),
IEEE Computer Society Press, ISBN 0818689978, Los Alamitos, CA, 1992.
 BE02
 Computer Architectures for Artificial Intelligence Applications,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and C. V. Ramamoorthy (ed.),
Wiley, New York, NY, 1990.
 BE01
 Tutorial on Computers for Artificial Intelligence Applications,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and G.J. Li (ed.),
IEEE Computer Society Press, May 1986.
 BC09
 Design Issues of Multiprocessor Systems for Artificial Intelligence Applications,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and G.J. Li,
in Scientific Supercomputers and Artificial Intelligence Machines,
ed. K. Hwang and D. DeGroot, pp. 107165, McGrawHill, 1989.
 BC06
 A Survey of Special Purpose Architectures for Artificial Intelligence,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah and G.J. Li,
in Parallel Computation and Computers for Artificial Intelligence,
ed. J. S. Kowalik, pp. 263291, Kluwer, 1987.
 J17
 Guest Editor's Introduction: New Computers for Artificial Intelligence Processing,
(full text in PDF)
B. W. Wah,
IEEE Computer, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 1015, Jan. 1987.
 K02
 Parallel AI: Status and Issues,
B. W. Wah,
Plenary Address: Embedded AI Language Workshop, Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, Nov. 16, 1988.
 K01
 Parallel Processing and Artificial Intelligence Processing: Can They be Married?
B. W. Wah,
Keynote Address, Annual Workshop, Center for Computer Applications and Software Engineering, Syracuse Univ.,
Syracuse, NY, Jan. 29, 1987.
Processor Arrays
 BC08
 Systematic Approaches to the Design of Algorithmically Specified Systolic Arrays,
(full text in PDF)
J. A. B. Fortes, K. S. Fu, and B. W. Wah,
in Computer Architecture: Concepts and Systems, ed. V. M. Milutinovic, pp. 454494, Elsevier, 1988.
 J18
 GuestEditors' Introduction: Systolic Arrays: From Concepts to Implementation,
(full text in PDF)
J. A. B. Fortes and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Computer, vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 1217, July 1987.
Also in Tutorial: VLSI Algorithms and Architectures: Fundamentals,
ed. N. Ranganathan, IEEE Computer Society Press, 1993.
 J19
 Systolic Arrays: A Survey of Seven Projects,
(full text in PDF)
J. A. B. Fortes and B. W. Wah,
IEEE Computer, vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 91103, IEEE, July 1987.
Also in Selected Reprints from Computer Society Magazines, IEEE, 1987
(a publication for promotion to new subscribers of the IEEE Computer Society).
 C028
 Systematic Approaches to the Design of Algorithmically Specified Systolic Arrays,
(full text in PDF)
J. A. B. Fortes, K. S. Fu, and B. W. Wah,
Proc. Int'l Conf. on Acoustic, Speech, and Signal Processing, pp. 300303, IEEE, March 1985.
High Performance Computing Systems
 J45
 Report of the Purdue Workshop on Grand Challenges in Computer
Architecture for the Support of High Performance Computing,
(full text in PDF)
H. J. Siegel, S. Abraham, W. L Bain, K. E. Batcher, T. L
Casavant, D. DeGroot, J. B. Dennis, D. C. Douglas, T.
Feng, J. R. Goodman, A. Huang, H. F. Jordan, J. R. Jump,
Y. N. Patt, A. J. Smith, J. E. Smith, L. Snyder, H. S.
Stone, R. Tuck, and B. W. Wah,
J. of Parallel and Distributed Computing, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 199211, Academic Press, Nov. 1992.
 C082
 Summary of the Report of the NSFSponsored Purdue Workshop on Grand Challenges in
Computer Architecture for the Support of High Performance Computing,
(full text in PDF)
H. J. Siegel, S. Abraham, W. L Bain, K. E. Batcher, T. L
Casavant, D. DeGroot, J. B. Dennis, D. C. Douglas, T.
Feng, J. R. Goodman, A. Huang, H. F. Jordan, J. R. Jump,
Y. N. Patt, A. J. Smith, J. E. Smith, L. Snyder, H. S.
Stone, R. Tuck, and B. W. Wah,
Proc. of Frontiers'92: The Fourth Symposium on the Frontiers of Massively Parallel Computation,
IEEE/NASA, Oct. 1992.
 BC01
 Distributed Computer Systems: A Design Methodology and its Applications to the
Design of Distributed Databases,
(full text in PDF)
C. V. Ramamoorthy, G. S. Ho, B. W. Wah,
Infotech State of the Art Report on Distributed Computer Systems,
Infotech, 1979.
Scheduling Algorithms
 J38
 Computer Scheduling Algorithms: Past, Present, and Future,
(abstract, full text in
PostScript and
PDF)
K. Baumgartner and B. W. Wah,
Information Sciences, vol. 57 & 58, pp. 319345,
Elsevier Science Pub. Co., Inc., New York, NY, Sept.Dec. 1991.
 C065
 Computer Scheduling Algorithms: Past Present, and Future,
(full text in PDF)
K. M. Baumgartner and B. W. Wah,
Proc. First Workshop on Parallel Processing, pp. 170183,
National Tsing Hua Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan, Dec. 2021, 1990.
Big Data and Data Mining
 J104
 Using Kernels to Harness The Complexity of Big Data Applications,
(abstract, full text in PDF,
journal page at DOI)
B. W. Wah,
Int'l J. on Artificial Intelligence Tools, vol. 31, no. 3, Article Number: 2241006, World Scientific, 2022, pp. 111.
 J96
 Significance and Challenges of Big Data Research,
(abstract, full text in PDF)
X. Jin, B. W. Wah, X. Cheng, and Y. Wang,
Big Data Research, vol. 2, Elsevier, 2015, pp. 5964.
(Top Cited Certificate)
 J77
 Data Mining: How Research Meets Practical Development,
full text in PostScript and
PDF)
X. D. Wu, P. S. Yu, G. PiatetskyShapiro, N. Cercone, T. Y. Lin, R. Kotagiri, and B. W. Wah,
Knowledge and Information Systems: An International Journal,
SpringerVerlag, vol. 5, no. 2, April 2003, pp. 248261.
Multimedia eLearning
 J94
 Recent development in multimedia elearning technologies,
(abstract, full text in PDF)
R. W. H. Lau, N. Y. Yen, F. Li, B. W. Wah,
World Wide Web, vol 17, no. 2, Springer, pp. 189198.
 J97
 Advances in Ubiquitious Media Technologies and Applications,
(full text in PDF)
R. W. H. Lau, R. Klamma, S.C. Chen, and B. W. Wah,
World Wide Web, vol 14, no. 2, Springer, pp. 217222.
University Impact Studies
 J99
 Developing WorldClass Research for Societal Impact,
(abstract, full text in PDF and
The Academic Executive Brief)
B. W. Wah, M. M. Y. Chang,
The Academic Executive Brief, vol 6, Elsevier, 2016.